高考英语语法查漏--情态动词和虚拟语气,题型全覆盖! 

初中新目标英语:高考英语语法查漏--情态动词和虚拟语气,题型全覆盖!

时间:2018-06-04 00:00来源:网络 点击:0
情态动词和虚拟语气是历年高考英语的必考知识点,虚拟语气是整个语法系统中的难点,因此,学好它必须要静下心来、花些力气。今天,让我们看看关于虚拟语气和情态动词的一些经典例题,你都会吗?


1.The only thing that I__could__do was that I wished her a long life.

解析:句意:我唯一能做的事情是希望她能长寿。所填词表示能力,此处要表达我唯一“能”做的,而且根据wished判断句子应该用一般过去时,所以填could。

2.Since you have such good preparations, there__should__not be any problem about passing the coming job interview.

解析:句意:既然你准备得很充分,通过即将到来的工作面试应该没问题。根据since提供的原因“准备充分”可以判断出,此处表示“按理说应该发生”的,故本空填情态动词should。

3.It has been accepted that all the students__shall__put on masks before going to school in case they are infected with flu virus.

解析:句意:为防止学生感染流感病毒,学生们在进校前要戴上口罩,这一点大家都已接受。在第三人称作主语的陈述句中,表示规定、规则,用shall。

4.Now I__would__like to ask you to look at some photographs if you don't mind.

解析:句意:如果你愿意的话,现在我想让你看一些照片。I would like to do...是固定句式,意为“我想做……”。

5.Anyone__can__be in a rough life time,whether he is“Bai Fumei”or“Gao Fushuai”.

解析:句意:任何人都会有困难的时候,无论他是“白富美”还是“高富帅”。此处是情态动词用于陈述句中,表示“一时的情况”,故用情态动词can。

6.__Were__(be) there no modern telecommunications,we would have to wait for weeks to get news from around the world.

解析:句意:如果没有现代通信手段,我们需要等待数周才能获得来自世界各地的新闻。由句意和主句中的“would+动词原形”可知,逗号前是一个表示与现在事实相反的从句,应为if there were...。此处条件句中的if省略,把were提到主语前,故填Were。

7.We would rather our daughter__stayed__(stay) at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer.

解析:句意:我们宁愿让女儿和我们一起待在家里,可那是她的选择,而且她也不再是个孩子了。would rather后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,用一般过去时表示与现在或将来相反的事实。

8.It was John who broke the window. Why are you talking to me as if I__had_done__(do) it?

解析:句意:是约翰打破了窗户。你为什么以好像是我打破了的语气对我说话?as if引导的状语从句中,谓语动词与wish引导的宾语从句的虚拟语气形式相同。结合语境可知,此处表示对过去的虚拟,填had done。

9.—What a slow bus this is!

—Yes, we__may/might__just as well walk.

解析:may/might as well不妨……。

10.I still remember my happy childhood when my mother__would__(will) take me to Disneyland at weekends.

解析:句意:我仍然记得我的幸福童年,那时我母亲总会在周末带我去迪士尼乐园。would表示过去的一种习惯。

Drunk driving, a major concern currently, is not a funny thing, __1. which__ has killed many people and ruined the lives of many others. At present, traffic accidents become“the world's first harm”.

Two months ago, after __2. drinking__(drink) a lot of alcohol, my friend's uncle drove his car home. He was __3. heavily__(heavy) drunk, but he still drove home by himself. On the road near his home, an old lady was going across the road, __4. but__ his uncle didn't notice her and he was still moving on under the influence of alcohol. And __5. the__ old lady didn't see his uncle, either. In the end, the lady died.

__6. Had__ it not been for his uncle's drunkenness, the terrible accident would not have happened. If the lady __7. hadn't_died__(die), she would live a happy life with her daughters and sons. And his uncle's home was also destroyed by his uncle. Therefore, two __8. families__(family) were destroyed.

I wish more people __9. could__(can) realize the seriousness of drunk driving and obey the traffic regulations faithfully. Always remember: refuse __10. to_drink__(drink) and drive, and give a safe world to you and me!

解析:

1.thing后是非限制性定语从句,引导词在从句中作主语,故填which。

2.after在此是介词,后跟动名词。

3.修饰was drunk用副词。

4.由didn't notice判断,该空所用词表示转折,故填but。

5.特指上文提到的lady,故填定冠词。

6.根据主句中的would not have happened判断,逗号前面是一个虚拟语气的条件句,句子的谓语应用had done形式;但是因为省略了if,所以要把had提前到句首,由此可判断出该空填Had。

7.if引导的是一个与过去事实相反的虚拟语气句子,故应用过去完成时,填hadn't died。

8.集体名词family在此是被看作整体,此处指“两个家庭”,应用其复数形式families。

9.wish后的从句用虚拟语气,此处表示与现在事实相反的情况,所以填could。

10.refuse后用动词不定式作宾语,refuse to do sth.“拒绝做某事”。

Ⅲ.单句改错

1.Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby.

答案与解析:can→should或去掉can 句意:一些同学建议我们去附近的名胜古迹。suggest作动词,表示“建议”时,宾语从句的谓语通常用虚拟语气“(should+)动词原形”,故此处可把can改为should,也可去掉can。

2.We must found ways to protect our environment.

答案与解析:found→find 句意:我们必须要找到保护环境的方法。情态动词must后接动词原形。

3.It is true that no one should live without money in modern society.

答案与解析:should→can 句意:的确,在当代社会,没有钱就不能生活。根据句意可知,表示“能,能够”须用can。

4.But for the rain,we should have a pleasant journey yesterday.

答案与解析:have后加had 句意: 要不是下雨,我们昨天会有一次愉快的旅行。对过去的虚拟用should have done结构。

5.He had telephoned to inform me of your birthday,or I would have known nothing about it.

答案与解析:去掉had or前的句子不是虚拟条件句。

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